THE PHILOMATH

Presents open course on: THE HISTORY OF INDIA FROM 16/02/2021

ABOUT THE COURSE-
This course is designed to cover the history of India from the perspective of all the competitive exams like UPSC, SSC, PCS, PCS (J) etc. This course will cover all the major incidents of the history of India. This Course covers history as well as Art & Culture of all that what have happened in the history of India including major art, culture, poetry, sculptures, monuments, coins, clothing, food, settlement, irrigation, religion, philosophy etc.

FEES-

The Philomath believes that money should not become an obstacle for someone who is willing to learn, considering this there are no fees for this course. The only thing required is willingness to learn.



MODUS OPERANDI-

The sessions will be conducted on – Zoom Days- Every Tuesday, Thursday & Saturday

Recording of every lecture will also be shared through whatsapp group. The session will also be live on youtube for those who can not join the zoom. Questions can be asked through comments.

Language – Bilingual (i.e. English & Hindi)

Sources- NCERT 11th & 12th ,Nitin Singhania, Spectrum (Modern India).


Micro Topic Listing-

ANCIENT HISTORY

1. Prehistoric Cultures in India

Periodization of Indian pre history

Sources of prehistory

Stone age

Palaeolithic (2 million BC – 10,000 BC)

Mesolithic (10,000 BC – 8,000 BC)

Palaeolithic (8000 BC – 4000 BC)

Chalcolithic Age (4000 BC – 1500 BC)

Iron age (1500 BC-200 BC)

Impact of Iron

Pastoral and Farming Communities

Neolithic Phase

Chalcolithic Phase

Early Iron Phase

Geographical Distribution and Characteristics

Indus Valley Civilization

Major cities

Town Planning

Harappan Trade

Agriculture

Domestication of animals

Crafts

Religion

Harappan Pottery

Weights and Measures

Script and Language

Images

Decline of Harappan Culture

Vedic Society

Original Home of Aryans

Features of Aryan Culture

Vedic Texts

Sources for Reconstructing

Vedic Society and Culture

Geography of the Rig Vedic Period

Geography of the later Vedic Phases

Economic Conditions

Political Organization and Evolution of Monarchy

Social Organisation and Varna System

Religion and Thought

Pre Mauryan-Period

Formation of states

The Sixteen Mahajanapadas

Republics

Rise of urban centres

Haryanka dynasty

Shishunaga dynasty

Nanda dynasty

The Mauryan Empire

Chandragupta and Bindusara

Megasthenes

Asoka and His Successors

Asoka’s Inscriptions and Sites

Asoka’ a Dhamma

Mauryan. Administration, Economy, Society and Art

The Arthasastra

Post Mauryan India (BC-200-AD 300)

Society Evolution of Jatis

Sangam Texts-and Society

Satavahanas and Other Indigenous Dynasties

Foreign Dynasties

Commercial Contacts with the Outside World

Schools of Art

Growth of Jainism and Buddhism

Jainism

Buddhism

Imperial Guptas

Sources of Gupta Rule

Political history of Guptas

Fahien

Gupta Administration

Gupta Culture

Urban centres in Gupta period

Economic Conditions

Harshavardhana

Sources for Harsha’s Period

Early life of Harsha

Harsha’s Administration

Important Officials of the empire

Economy under Harsha

Society

Religion

The Southern Dynasties

The Satavahanas (230 BC TO AD 225)

The Pallavas (AD 330–796)

The Chalukyas (AD 535–1190)

The Pandyas of Madurai (AD 590–1323)

MEDIEVAL INDIA

1. Central Asian Politics and the Advance of Babur towards India

The Timurids

The Timurid-Uzbek and Uzbek-Iran Conflict and Babur

Babur’s Advance towards India

2. Struggle for Empire in North- India (Afghans, Rajputs and Mughals)

Struggle between Ibrahim Lodi and Babur

The Battle of Panipat

Babur’s problems after the Battle of Panipat

Struggle with Rana Sanga

Problems of the Eastern Areas and the Afghans

Babur’s Contribution and Significance of his Advent into India

Struggle for Empire in North India

Humayun and the Afghans

Early Activities of Humayun, and the Tussle with Bahadur Shah

The Gujarat Campaign

The Bengal Campaign, and Struggle with Sher Khan

The Establishment of the North Indian Empire

The Surs

Sher Shah’s Early Life

Social and Political Background of Bihar and the Rise of Sher Shah to Power.

The Sur Empire (1540-56)

Contributions of Sher Shah

Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire – Akbar

Conflict with the Afghans – Hemu

Struggle with the Nobility: Bairam Khan’s

Regency; Revolt of Uzbek Nobles

Early Expansion of the Empire (1560-76) – Malwa, Garh-Katanga, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Eastern India

Relations with the Rajputs – Growth of a Composite Ruling Class

Rebellions, and Further Expansion of the Empire in the North West

State and Government under Akbar

Akbar’s Concept of Suzerainty

Structure of Government, Central and Provincial – the Vikalat, Central Ministries, Provincial Government,

District and Local Government

The Working of Government – the Ruler, Land-Revenue System, the Dahsala System.

o The Mansabdari System and the Army

Akbar’s Religious Views

Relations with the Ulama and Social Reforms

The Early Phase (1556-73)

The Second Phase (1573-80) – the Ibadat Khana

Debates – the Mahzar – Breach with Orthodox

Ulama – Re-organisation of Madad-i-Maash Grants

Third or Final Phase – Din-i-Ilahi

State Policies and religious toleration

The Deccan and the Mughals (upto 1657)

The Deccani States upto 1595

Mughal Advance towards the Deccan

Mughal Conquest of Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar

Rise of Malik Ambar, and Frustration of Mughal Attempt at Consolidation (1601-27)

Extinction of Ahmadnagar, Acceptance of Mughal

Suzerainty by Bijapur and Golconda

Shah Jahan and the Deccan (1636-57)

Cultural Contribution of the Deccani States

Foreign Policy of the Mughals

Akbar and the Uzbeks

The Question of Qandahar and Relations with Iran

Shah Jahan’s Balkh Campaign

Mughal – Persian Relations – the Last Phase

India in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century

Jahangir’s Accession – his Early Difficulties

Territorial Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire – Mewar, East India and Kangra

Nur Jahan, and the Nur Jahan ‘Junta’

The Rebellions of Shah Jahan, and the coup de main of Mahabat Khan

Jahangir as a Ruler

State and Religion in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century

Shah Jahan – Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire

Evolution of the Mughal Ruling Class and the Mansabdari System

Aurangzeb – Religious Policies, North India and the Rajputs

War of Succession

Religious Policy: First Phase (1658-79)

Reforms and Puritanical Measures, Hindu

Temples, Jizyah; Second Phase (1679-1707)

Territorial Consolidation and

Expansion of Empire – North India

Popular Revolts – Jats, Satnamis, Afghans and Sikhs

Breach with Marwar and Mewar

Climax and Crisis of the Mughal Empire the Marathas and the Deccan

Rise of the Marathas – Early Career of Shivaji


Treaty of Purandar – the Agra Visit

Shivaji’s Swaraj – Administration and Achievements

Aurangzeb and the Deccani States (1658-87)

Marathas and the Deccan (1687-1707)

Assessment of Aurangzeb and the Jagirdari Crisis



Society-Structure and Growth

Rural Society

Towns and Town Life

Artisans and Master-Craftsmen

Women

Servants and Slaves

Standard of Living

The Ruling Classes – Nobility, Rural Gentry

The Middle Strata

The Commercial Classes



Economic Life-Patterns and Prospects

Inland Trade

Overseas Trade – Role of Foreign Trading companies – Position of Indian merchant’s over-land Trade

The Mughal State and Commerce

Trend of India’s Economy and Prospects during the First Half of the Eighteenth Century



Religion, Fine Arts, Science and Technology

Religion- Hindu Religion, Sikh Religion, Islam

Fine Arts – Architecture, Painting, Language and Literature, Music

Science and Technology



Northern India in the First Half of the Eighteenth Century

Bahadur Shah I, and the Beginning of the Struggle

For Wizarat – Rajput Affairs – Marathas

Deccan – Accentuation of the Party Struggle

Struggle for ‘New’ Wizarat: Zulfiqar Khan and Jahandar Shah (1712-13)

The Sayyid Brothers’ Struggle for ‘New’ Wizarat

The Saiyid ‘New’ Wizarat

The Wizarat of M. Amin Khan and Nizam-ul-Mulk

Rise of Regional States, Beginning of Foreign Invasions of India (1725-48)



The Maratha Bid for Supremacy

The Marathas and their Policy of Expansion

The Marathas and Nizam-ul-Mulk

The Maratha Advance into Gujarat and Malwa

The Maratha Advance into Doab and Punjab

First Phase (1741-52); Second Phase (1752-61);

Third Battle of Panipat

MODERN HISTORY

1. Scenario before 1857

Later Mughals

Regional powers in 18th Century

The British conquest of India

The wars during British conquest of India

British Administration before 1857





Revolt of 1857

Indian National Movement (1858-1905)

Early Nationalists and Swadeshi Movement

Government of India Act 1909

Home rule league movement



The struggle for Swaraj

Montague’s statement – Aug 1917

Emergence of Gandhi – as a mass leader

Khilafat & non-Cooperation Movement (NCM)

Swaraj party

Revolutionary Terrorism phase II (1920’s)

Simon Commission and Nehru report



Intimation of freedom

Civil Disobedience Movement

Round table conference

Poona pact

Government of India Act 1935

Tripuri session – 1939

August offer

Individual Satyagraha 1940-41



Towards achievement of freedom

Popular struggles in the princely states

2nd World War and Nationalist response



Partition of India

Rise of Communalism

Wavell plan

Cabinet Mission Plan

Mountbatten plan



During the freedom struggle

Indian renaissance/socio-religious movement

Civil Rebellions during British

Tribal movements during British period

Peasant’s movement during British period

Working class Movement (1850-1900)

Growth of communalism

Left and communist trends in National Movement

Press and education during British period

Role of women in Freedom Struggle

Governor generals of India

Viceroys of India

Important persons

Important newspaper/journals

Congress sessions

POST INDEPENDENCE INDIA

1. Reorganisation of states

Constitutional provisions related to State formation

Factors that led to merger

Accession of the princely states

Accession of States under France and Portuguese

Accession of Sikkim

Rehabilitation of the Refugees

Federal crisis

Regional aspirations, insurgencies and areas of tension

Accommodation and national integration





Linguistic Regionalism in India

Constitutional position and language policy

Language and regionalism

Recent controversy due to rise of Hindi



Tribal Issue and Policy Consolidation

Issues & Present Status

Policy consolidation



Issue of Women and Evolution of Women Movement

Issues & challenges

Women movements

Government policy response and legislation

Governmental schemes



Problem of Caste and Social consolidation

Caste practices in India

Ambedkar Movement

Constitutional provisions

Recent government initiatives for emancipation of Scheduled Castes

Issues of Manual Scavenging



Communalism & Social Consolidation

Secularism

Causes of Communalism in India

Consequences of the communalism and social consolidation



Issue of Linguistic Minorities

Operational Inefficiency

Government initiatives



Overview of Economic Development since Independence

Planning in India


Agriculture

Industry

Service sector

Current challenges facing the Indian economy

Agriculture



Journey through Five Year Plans

Land Reforms

Post Green Revolution Agricultural Issues

Agrarian Movements

Achievements in Agriculture Since Independence

Recent Challenges



Industry

Industrial development since independence

Public sector since independence

Sectoral Development

Private Sector since Independence

Industrial Policy since Independence

Make in India



New Economic Policy

Impact of New Economic Policy


Post-Independence Policy of Science and Technology

India’s Policy in the Field of the Science and Technology

Institutional Framework for Science and Technology Development

Science and Technology in Pre- Reform Period

Impact of Economic Reform on the

Science and Technology in India:

New Policy Initiatives in the S&T

Agenda of the Skill Training





ABOUT THE FACULTY-

All the session will be taken by Mr.Trivickram Jee, Founder, The Philomath. Previously, he has taugh 1000+ students subjects like Constitution of India & Indian Penal Code. He is well liked among the students because of his lucid way of explaining topics.




www.thephilomath.info               Mail ID- tphilomath@gmail.com                       Tele – +91 9792154419

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